Paradise doesn’t come cheap. 90% of everything is imported into the Bahamas, mostly from the U.S. Food, building materials, fuel, you name it. While there is some farming, the soil doesn’t really lend itself to high output. There is fishing of course, but boats are expensive, fuel is over $5.00/gallon & some species are in decline (especially their famous conch).
Importing & delivery to the smaller islands is even more expensive as the larger ships from Florida can’t arrive directly – everything has to be off-loaded to Nassau or elsewhere, then re-loaded onto smaller boats/ships which can enter & dock into a smaller harbor & taken off with booms into small trucks, pickups or golf carts.
How expensive? Double is a good rule of thumb, but triple or more is not unusual. Why so much? Tacked onto the cost of goods from Florida is obviously the cost of transport by ship from Florida, freight & custom brokers, plus an average 30% Bahamian government import tariff. The smaller “family” islands have the additional cost of intermediate boats/ships to get to their island along with the increased cost of smaller volume.
As if that isn’t enough, in 2014 the Bahama government instituted a 7 1/2% VAT on everything (even food). Last year the VAT was increased to 12%! Remember – this is 12% on the inflated Bahamas pricing, so effectively over 20% based on U.S. prices. While they’re calling it a “value added tax”, it seems similar to a sales tax on everything at the retail level – many services too. Fortunately, they have lowered or eliminated the import tariffs on some items, but most items still have tariffs from 5% to 50%+. The only food concession they made is making about a dozen foods VAT exempt – not food groups – a dozen basic foods.
Of course, I can’t really complain – we only spend a few months here & have more resources than 95% of Bahamians. But how does the average Bahamian cope? It’s particularly concerning as their economy relies primarily on tourism. Currently the U.S. economy is robust & tourism to the Bahamas is up, but what will happen when the next major U.S./Canadian recession hits?